Personal protective equipment (PPE)  use for Coronavirus Introduction to Personal Protective Equipment (PPE Transmission of Coronavirus In Coronavirus perspective PPE are designed to cover all parts of the body and have to be worn (donned) and removed (doffed) under specific guidance for maximum prevention. When used appropriately ,PPE provides maximum protection against Coronavirus infection You…

Hand & Respiratory Hygiene This is one of the most important measure and major component of standard precautions to prevent and control spread of disease in health-care facilities The major points in hand hygiene are as follows: If hands are not visibly soiled , hand hygiene should be done using an alcohol-based hand rub, or…

What is infection prevention and control? • IPC includes all practices used to identify and reduce the risk of infections developing and spreading • IPC is fundamental to health care quality improvement. • It is required in preparation for any emerging diseases • It’s the basic right for our patients/clients and healthcare workers The cycle…

CLASSIFICATION OF SNAKES o There are two major groups of snake, poisonous and non poisonous o Poisonous snakes belong to three families on the basis of poison secreted Elapidae: Neurotoxic Viperidae:Haematotoxic Hydrophidae:Cytotoxic Columbidae ELAPIDAE A) Common Cobra / Nag or Kalsap or Naja naja B) King Cobra – Raj Nag or Naja hanna or Naja…

SEHEMU ZA SIKIO KAZI ZA SIKIO KUSIKIA KUWEKA BALANCE YA MWILI VITU VYA KUFANYA KUEPUKA KUKAA ENEO LENYE KELELE KUBWA KUTOKUINGIZA KITU CHOCHOTE MASIKIONI KWA LENGO LA KUSAFISHA SIKIO KUEPUKA KUTUMIA EAR PHONES HASA KWA SAUTI KUBWA KUTOKUTOBOA MASIKIO KUTIBU MAGONJWA YA MASIKIO MARA MOJA PINDI YATOKEAPO KUTOKUTUMIA DAWA BILA USHAURI WA DAKTARI.

CONTRAST-INDUCED AKI Defined as the impairment of renal function—measured as either a 25% increase in serum creatinine  from baseline or a 0.5 mg/dL  increase in absolute SCr value—within 48-72 hours after intravenous contrast administration. SCr levels peak between 2 and 5 days and usually return to normal in 7 -10 days CONTRAST-INDUCED AKI Defined as…

Acute kidney injury Acute kidney injury (AKI) refers to an abrupt decrease in kidney function, resulting in the retention of urea and other nitrogenous waste products and in the dysregulation of extracellular volume and electrolytes. • ↑ in SCr by ≥0.3mg/dl within 48 hours; or • ↑ in SCr to ≥ 1.5 times baseline, which…

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