Personal protective equipment (PPE) use for Coronavirus
Introduction to Personal Protective Equipment (PPE
Transmission of Coronavirus
- In Coronavirus perspective PPE are designed to cover all parts of the body and have to be worn (donned) and removed (doffed) under specific guidance for maximum prevention.
- When used appropriately ,PPE provides maximum protection against Coronavirus infection
- You need to know the type of PPE and the donning/doffing modalities
Transmission and rational of PPE use in Coronavirus
- Most common routes of Coronavirus transmission:
- Through air by coughing and sneezing
- Close personal contact , such as touching or shaking hands.
- Touching an object or surface with the virus on it, then touching your mouth, nose, or eyes before washing your hands.
- ? Fecal, Urine, blood contamination
- A risk assessment for appropriate selection and use of PPE has been done based on evidence.
- For Coronavirus use contact and droplet precautions in addition to standard precautions.
Appropriate use of PPE: Checklist
- To ensure safety of health workers and patients:
- Put on in donning area before entering the red zone at all times.
- Avoid touching your mouth, nose or eyes with your contaminated hands (i.e. gloved hands).
- Avoid transmission to others (patients, co-workers, visitors) by not touching others with contaminated hands.
- Remove facial protection last as per instruction.
- Remove PPE in supervised doffing area.
- Avoid contamination when you take off PPE.
- Disposal of PPE should be
- Use a buddy system.
If performing aerosol generating procedure then use airborne precautions:
- Wear full set of PPE and a fluid- resistant particulate respirator (FFP2 or EN certified equivalent or US NIOSH-certified N95).
- Ensure adequate ventilation with controlled direction of flow.
- Keep all non-essential staff and family members away.