Personal protective equipment (PPE)  use for Coronavirus

Introduction to Personal Protective Equipment (PPE

Transmission of Coronavirus

  • In Coronavirus perspective PPE are designed to cover all parts of the body and have to be worn (donned) and removed (doffed) under specific guidance for maximum prevention.
  • When used appropriately ,PPE provides maximum protection against Coronavirus infection
  • You need to know the type of PPE and the donning/doffing modalities

Transmission and rational of PPE use in Coronavirus

  • Most common routes of Coronavirus transmission:
    • Through air by coughing and sneezing
    • Close personal contact , such as touching or shaking hands.
    • Touching an object or surface with the virus on it, then touching your mouth, nose, or eyes before washing your hands.
    • ? Fecal, Urine, blood contamination
  • A risk assessment for appropriate selection and use of PPE has been done based on evidence.
    • For Coronavirus use contact and droplet precautions in addition to standard precautions.

Appropriate use of PPE: Checklist

  • To ensure safety of health workers and patients:
  • Put on in donning area before entering the red zone at all times.
  • Avoid touching your mouth, nose or eyes with your contaminated hands (i.e. gloved hands).
  • Avoid transmission to others (patients, co-workers, visitors) by not touching others with contaminated hands.
  • Remove facial protection last as per instruction.
  • Remove PPE in supervised doffing area.
  • Avoid contamination when you take off PPE.
  • Disposal of PPE should be
  • Use a buddy system.

Aerosol-generating procedures

If performing aerosol generating  procedure then use airborne  precautions:

  1. Wear full set of PPE and a fluid-  resistant particulate respirator  (FFP2 or EN certified equivalent  or US NIOSH-certified N95).
  2. Ensure adequate ventilation with  controlled direction of flow.
  3. Keep all non-essential staff and  family members away.

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